The Central Wasatch National Conservation
and Recreation Area Act

The Original Bill

Representatives from local government, Utah Governor’s office and state legislature, private business, environmental organizations and recreation interests, and residents worked together over the course of four years to reach consensus on a bill that aims to resolve decades of conflict over how the Central Wasatch mountains are used and enjoyed.

In 2016, Congressman Jason Chaffetz (R-UT) introduced bill H.R.5718, the Central Wasatch National Conservation and Recreation Area Act that proposed the creation of The Central Wasatch National Conservation and Recreation Area . The bill’s objectives were to balance the need to protect drinking water, preserve recreational opportunities and traditions, enhance access, and accommodate future population growth.

While H.R.5718 failed to make it out of committee, stakeholders persisted by engaging the public for comment and have made changes to the legislation. The CWC staff and board are working with the Utah Federal Delegation to set a timeline for reintroduction of the legislation, with changes implemented.


The Current Version

In it’s most current form, the CWNCRA is a locally driven, consensus-based bill aimed at protecting the sources of our drinking water, preserving recreational opportunities for the future, and ensuring enjoyment of the Central Wasatch Mountains in the face of pressures from a growing population. 

Drafts of the legislation, including the most current draft below, dated 10/26/18, reflect proposed changes being considered. The CWC  engages the public for comment and works with stakeholders to attempt to resolve components of the legislation in a consensus-based approach. The CWC unanimously approved the 10/26/18 draft. Subsequent drafts of legislation will be made available for public review, and any action on draft legislation by the CWC will be noted accordingly.

10/26 Draft

10/26 Draft, Tracked Changes

10/26 Summary of Changes

Chronology of Efforts to Address Alta Ski Lifts & Grizzly Gulch

11/15/18 Amended Map

11/15/18 Amended Map, Magnified


What is a National Conservation Recreation Area?

A National Conservation and Recreation Area is a new designation. The force of law directs the US Forest Service to manage the public lands contained within the designation in a certain way after careful review and public engagement.

For example: ski area projects (lifts, parking areas, roads, etc) would not be allowed outside the current boundaries of the resorts. Road building on public lands, would not be permitted. Existing trails system and uses will not be impacted.


What will the CWNCRA do:

    • The U.S. Forest Service will maintain ownership and management of the lands;
    • Natural resources and watersheds will be protected;
    • A new Wilderness area will be designated, and additions will be made to an existing Wilderness area;
    • A new Special Management Area will be designated;
    • Land exchanges between the U.S. Forest Service and the participating Cottonwood Canyons ski resorts will be authorized;
    • Ski resort permit boundaries on U.S. Forest Service land will be fixed permanently after some adjustments through the existing permitting process;
    • Private land within the area or adjacent to the area being designated will not be affected;
    • All existing recreational uses and permits will continue;
    • New roads for automobiles will be prohibited on U.S. Forest Service land;
    • Future transportation improvements will be enabled to meet growing demand.

Read a Wilderness Fact Sheet here.

Read The Wilderness Act of 1964 here. 

Mechanical transportation and devices are prohibited in Wilderness areas, as dictated by the Wilderness Act of 1964, however, the Act specifically addresses mechanical treatment as it relates to fire suppression and mitigation: “Mechanical treatment and prescribed fire may be utilized within wilderness where consistent with the Wilderness Act and agency regulations, as when necessary to protect public safety.” (FSM 2323.52). This means that where mechanical transportation and tools like mountain bikes chainsaws are prohibited in Wilderness, in the case for fire suppression and management, mechanical treatment would be allowed.

For more information, see the Wildfire and Wilderness Primer paper written and released by The Wilderness Society.

Learn about the transportation work the CWC and UDOT are undertaking here.


Building on The Accord

This Act is one outcome of the Mountain Accord – a local, public, and consensus-based process intended to influence regional planning and to enact meaningful conservation solutions for the Central Wasatch. It represents the effort of local citizens and elected officials who came together in the interest of preserving the experience for everyone who loves this spectacular Utah mountain area.