Central Wasatch National Conservation Recreation Area Act Discussion Draft 8/19/19
A Guide to the 8/19/19 Draft Legislation
There have been significant revisions made to H.R. 5718 – Central Wasatch National Conservation and Recreation Area (NCRA) Act introduced on July 11, 2016. H.R. 5718 sought to implement a central objective of Mountain Accord (Mountain Accord Agreement, signed July 13, 2015). Beginning in June 2018, the Central Wasatch Commission has undertaken a complete review of the legislation with several periods of public comment and responses. In November 2018, the Central Wasatch Commission unanimously adopted a version of the legislation to recommend for Congressional consideration, with proposed amendments to the 10/26/2018 draft.
Our expectation is that this August 19, 2019 Discussion Draft will undergo another series of reviews by interested parties and jurisdictions, a public comment period, and revisions to address that input for Central Wasatch Commission consideration. Below is a narrative and table to help the draft legislation reviewer better understand some of the proposed changes for further consideration.
In order to “clean up” the legislative text and follow correct legislative language, technical changes have been made throughout the legislation. These changes include renumbering sections, re-organizing some sections in the legislation, changing text to existing statutory phrasing for consistency, and modifications recommended by congressional and legislative staff. The accompanying table identifies where sections have been moved and renumbered.
Some other changes reflect the Central Wasatch Commission’s direction in November 2018 and address a few issues that have come to the forefront in the last several months. These Bill changes are described in the following sections:
Lands Managed According to Designation
Multiple sections of the document have been restructured to ensure lands are managed according to their individual designation – NCRA lands, wilderness areas, and Watershed Protection Area – and to avoid confusion of where provisions will be applied within the NCRA boundary. For example, many provisions of Section 6 – General Provisions, have been moved to Section 3 – Central Wasatch NCRA because they apply only to NCRA lands and not wilderness areas. Other sections have been moved for consolidation and clarity, such as moving all ski area provisions to the same section.
Removal of Outside Boundary of Central Wasatch National Conservation and Recreation Area on Map
To reflect the different designations and reinforce the exclusion of private lands from consequences of new designations, the outside boundary in prior maps for the NCRA has been removed. The boundary coincided with the National Forest boundary, but it created some confusion for private property owners where private lands were within the National Forest boundary. In this version of the legislation, the outside boundary has been removed and NCRA lands are depicted as an overlay to the National Forest lands that would be designated. Private lands have no overlay of a new designation. In addition, and consistent with an expressed desire of the four ski areas in the Central Wasatch with public lands, the ski permit areas where resort skiing is permitted by the Forest Service are not within the NCRA overlay.
White Pine Watershed Protection Area
The White Pine area will be designated a Watershed Protection Area to better align with the goals of managing the area separate from the NCRA. The purposes of the Watershed Protection Area are to:
- Ensure the protection and preservation of the natural values and characteristics of the Watershed Protection Area, including outstanding water quality, scenery, and fish and wildlife habitat;
- Assure that existing rights for ongoing operations of the White Pine Dam are protected; and
- Provide for the conservation of recreation, historic, scientific, and cultural resources within the Watershed Protection Area.
To clarify how the Watershed Protection Area will be managed, an administration section has been added. The “No Effect on Non-Federal Land” and “Access” provisions included in the NCRA section have been included in the Watershed Protection Area to make sure private lands and interests and associated access requirements are not affected by the designation.
Non-Federal (Private) Lands for Exchange
As directed by the Central Wasatch Commission, Section 7 – Land Exchanges now includes language that allows for the U.S. Forest Service to receive split estate lands from the ski areas to further clean up land ownership in the canyons. A provision has also been inserted allowing ski areas to add private lands to the exchange that are not be identified on the land exchange maps. This provides an opportunity for the ski areas to offer additional non-federal lands.
The second central objective of Mountain Accord was to implement solutions to the increasing traffic congestion in the Central Wasatch Mountains, especially Little and Big Cottonwood Canyons. The Utah State Legislature appropriated $66 million dollars in 2017 and additional $13 million dollars in 2019 to help achieve that objective. The Utah Department of Transportation (UDOT) initiated an Environmental Impact Statement for Little Cottonwood Canyon. With the Central Wasatch Commission, UDOT has also begun the Cottonwood Canyons Transportation Action Plan (CCTAP) to provide an analysis of and solicit public input to decide on the best solutions for a mountain transportation system that will address current traffic problems, build on past studies and plans, and establish a direction for future transportation investment in the Central Wasatch Mountains. These local actions are scheduled to lead to decision documents by early 2021. In the interim, measures are being pursued to improve traffic flow, provide better communication tools for Cottonwood Canyons transportation users, and introduce bus improvements.
Federal legislation directing a specific solution for the canyons would be inappropriate for the local area, but certain provisions can help facilitate and support the local decision making. To further clarify that the designation will accommodate and not impede transportation improvements and associated facilities in the canyons, these additions have been made:
- The Cottonwood Canyons Transportation Action Plan has been added to the list of plans that the NCRA management plan will incorporate as part of the long-term plan.
- The Transportation Section now states explicitly that the designation does not prohibit “transportation improvements and associated public amenities, including roadway improvements, public transportation, mountain transportation systems, transit stops, stations, trailheads, bike lanes, restrooms, and pedestrian infrastructure.”
- New facilities, including parking areas, trailheads, and restrooms, are expressly authorized within the designation.
- The provision in federal transportation law that might be interpreted as prohibiting any use of Forest Service lands for transportation improvements has been clarified to indicate that decisions relating to transportation improvements in the Central Wasatch NCRA would not constitute a violation of federal transportation law.
Central Wasatch NCRA Act Draft Changes, 8/19/19
|Sec 2(a)||Sec 2(a)||Reordered, Added Text, Removed Text||Reordered definitions alphabetically; added definitions (Cottonwood Canyons Transportation Plan, Mountain Transportation System, Watershed Protection Area); modified definition for “ski area”.|
|Sec 3(a)||Sec 3(a)||Changed Text||Technical corrections.|
|Sec 3(b)(1)||Sec 3(b)(1)||Changed Text||Removed “wilderness (within wilderness areas)” because the NCRA no longer includes wilderness lands within the boundary.|
|Sec 3(c)||Sec 3(d)||Moved, Changed Text||Technical corrections.|
|Sec 3(c)(2)||Sec 3(d)(3)||Moved, Changed Text||Broadened definition of private interests to be consulted.|
|Sec 3(c)(3)||Sec 3(d)(4)||Moved, Added Text||Added the Cottonwood Canyons Transportation Action Plan.|
|Sec 3(c)(4)||Sec 3(d)(2)||Moved, Changed Text||Retitled section to “Requirements.”“such as Albion Basin Special Botanical Area” was removed from (B) and now reads “evaluate such areas for special administrative designations.”3(c)(4)(C) was moved to 3(i)(1).3(c)(4)(G) was moved to 3(i)(3).(H) was removed due to conflict of laws with existing access requirements.|
|Sec 3(c)(5)||Sec 3(d)(1)||Moved|
|Sec 3(d)||Sec 3(c)||Moved, Changed Text||Retitled to “Administration.”Removed (A).Made technical changes to (1) and (2) Uses.|
|Sec 3(d)(3)||Sec 3(o)||Moved, Changed Text||Clarified authorized activities and permitting language.|
|Sec 3(e)(2)||Sec 3(i)(2)||Moved||Moved so all ski area related sections are in one place.|
|Sec 4||Sec 4||Changed Text||Made technical corrections to paragraph numbering and Administration of Land (e)/(c).|
|Sec 5||Sec 5||Changed Text||Changed designation from Special Management Area to Watershed Protection Area.Technical corrections.|
|Sec 5(b)||Added Text||Purposes of the Watershed Management Area added.|
|Sec 5(b)(1)||Sec||Added Text||Administration Section added to clarify management of the Watershed Protection Area.Made technical corrections.|
|Sec 5(b)(2)||Sec 5(c)(3)(A)||Moved, Changed Text||Made technical corrections.|
|Sec 5(b)(3)||Sec 5(c)(3)(B)||Moved, Changed Text||Made technical corrections.|
|Sec 5(b)(4)||Sec 5(c)(4)||Moved, Changed Text||Made technical corrections.|
|Sec 5(c)(3)(C)||Added Text||Added prohibition on construction of new roads.|
|Sec 5(b)(5)||Sec 5(c)(3)(D)||Moved|
|Sec 5(d)||Added Text||Added “No Effect On Non-Federal Land” Section.|
|Sec 5(e)||Added Text||Added “Access” Section.|
|Sec 6(a)(1)||Sec 3(e)||Moved, Changed Text||Made technical corrections.|
|Sec 6(a)||Added Text||Added “Conflict of Laws” provision.|
|Sec 6(a)(2)(A)||Sec 3(n)||Moved|
|Sec 6(a)(2)(B)||Sec 3(n)||Moved, Changed Text, Added Text||Retitled “Effect on Private Property Rights”.Made technical corrections.Added private property owners do not have to allow public access to private lands.|
|Sec 6(a)(3)||Sec 3(c)(2)(B), (C)||Moved, Changed Text||Made technical corrections.|
|Sec 6(a)(4)||Sec 3(f)||Moved, Changed Text||Made technical corrections, deleted duplicative text.|
|Sec 6(a)(5)||Sec 3(g)||Moved, Changed Text||Made technical corrections.|
|Sec 6(a)(6)||Sec 3(k)||Moved, Changed Text||Made technical corrections.|
|Sec 6(a)(7)||Sec 3(j)||Moved|
|Sec 6(a)(8)||Sec 3(l)||Moved|
|Sec 6(a)(8)(A)||Sec 3(l)(1)||Changed Text||Changed text to state the NCRA does not prohibit transportation improvements and associated infrastructure within the NCRA. Added “mountain transportation systems” to the list of transportation improvements .|
|Sec 6(a)(8)(B)(ii)||Sec 3(l)(2)(B)||Changed Text||Made technical corrections to be consistent with existing law.|
|Sec 6(a)(9)||Sec 3(h)||Moved|
|Sec 6(a)(10)||Sec 3(i)||Moved, Changed Text||Retitled “Ski Area.”Made technical corrections.|
|Sec 6(a)(10)(A), (B), (C)||Removed||Removed language as the land within the ski area permit boundaries are no longer within the NCRA.|
|Sec 6(a)(11)||Sec 3(m)||Moved, Changed Text||Removed definition of facilities for consistency throughout document.|
|Sec 6(a)(11)(B)||Sec 3(m)(2)||Changed Text||Expressly authorize visitor facilities within the NCRA.|
|Sec 6(a)(11)(C)||Sec 3(m)(2)||Moved|
|Sec 6(a)(12)(B),(C)||Sec 6(b)||Moved, Changed Text||Made technical corrections.|
|Sec 6(a)(12)(D)||Sec (3)(c)(2)(D)||Moved, Changed Text||Made technical corrections.|
|Sec 6(a)(13)||Sec 6(c)||Moved, Changed Text||Made technical corrections.|
|Sec 6(a)(14)||Sec 6(d)||Moved|
|Sec 7(d)(4)(A)||Sec 7(b)(1)||Moved, Changed Text||Changed text to allow for non-Federal lands not identified on the map to be included in the exchange.|
|Sec 7(d)(4)(B)||Sec 7(a)(2)(A), (B), (C)||Moved, Changed Text||Added “or interests in land” to allow for split estate exchanges.|
|Sec 7(d)(5)||Sec 7(d)(4)||Moved|
|Sec 7(d)(6)||Sec 7(e)||Moved, Changed Text||Made technical corrections.|
|Sec 7(d)(8)||Sec 7(f)||Moved, Changed Text||Made technical corrections to simplify.|
|Sec 7(d)(9)||Sec 7(g)||Moved, Changed Text||Made technical corrections.|
|Sec 7(d)(10)||Sec 7(h)||Moved|
|Sec 7(d)(11)||Sec 7(i)||Moved|
|Sec 7(d)(12)||Sec 7(j)||Moved|
|Sec 7(d)(13)||Sec 7(k)||Moved, Changed Text||Made technical corrections.|
|Sec 8||Sec 6(e)||Moved, Changed Text||Made technical corrections.|
|Sec 9||Sec 8||Moved|
12 thoughts on “Central Wasatch National Conservation Recreation Area Act Discussion Draft 8/19/19”
I am concerned with Snowbird ski resort encroaching on forest service land and claiming that Snowbird owns the property. Mary Ellen canyon, Tinges grave area and moving farther south? I think the forest service should dig their heels in and stop the encroachment of Snowbird moving farther south into American Fork Canyon
I would love to see more transportation options up the canyons. Save our canyons has informed me about the potential to add a third lane for the shuttle to incentives people to ride the shuttle and reduce their carbon footprint. I support Save Our Canyons!
Please don’t develop the natural lands in the canyons. Keep our water clean. Add more bus routes and public transportation options.
Thank you for your work but I don’t understand why meaningful improvements to the transportation situation have not already been implemented. Required carpooling, better bus service, demand based toll, requiring hotels in vicinity to have a shuttle for winter users. These solutions have been in plain sight for years yet a combination of ski industry interests and analysis paralysis have allowed the situation to reach crisis mode with no meaningful improvement in sight. We have a residence in Alta so we are able, for the most part, to time our travel in LCC to avoid congestion but the lines up and down LCC at peak times has become laughable. As has the parking along the road from White Pine to Albion. If you want people to change behavior (fewer low occupancy vehicles in canyons) then you provide financial disincentives for that behavior (toll, carpooling, charge parking) and improve alternative options and provide rewards for preferred behavior. These are very basic concepts with feasible implementation. Kudos to Solitude for announcing parking charges.
I approve of the draft as it sits today, with the updated boundary to the Lone Peak Wilderness, the addition of the Grandeur Peak/Mt. Aire wilderness, the reduction in wilderness for the BST from Mt. Olympus wilderness, and the proposed White Pine Watershed Protection.
White pine area should not become a protected watershed, and should also not be closed to mountain bikes. Protected watersheds in the canyons are in excess and prevent people with dogs from enjoying the land with dogs and from swimming, neither of which will have a significant effect on the water exiting the canyon. Take example from major recreation areas nationwide. We need to stop with absolutes like no dogs at all and no swimming at all, and start promoting recreation in a responsible manner.
I’m for protecting open space, but against restricting mountain biking in the Cottonwood Canyons via wilderness expansion.
There should be plans to improve mountain biking access, like a trail from Snowbird down to the mouth of little Cottonwood Canyon.
I do not support the White Pine Section of this document. The wording of what is or is not allowed is vague and seems expressly designed to exclude area user groups as is seen fit rather than on a basis strongly defined by a use plan. It seems expressly designed to exclude a group which has been working diligently to both improve the usage in that area and has been working to improve their relationship with various stakeholders in LCC. This section seems designed to undercut and undermine these efforts in order not to deal with the various stakeholders in person
We would love to see a top to bottom LCC trail and right now, sections above the old mill/hydro station, up to Tanner Campground, are in the Lone Peak Wilderness. That is because some of the wilderness boundary, that was intended to be the LCC Creek, extends almost to the highway. Despite many other adjustments to the Lone Peak Wilderness boundary, the Central Wasatch Act does not make this adjustment to ensure top to bottom soft surface LCC access.
Bicycles should be allows anywhere on this planet. The end. Thanks.
I am opposed to the closure of already limited canyon bike trails for further expansion of wilderness designation. If it was offered that every mile of trail taken away was given back elsewhere in the canyons same canyon than I would reluctantly agree to your proposal. An expansion of the BST is not on par with upper canyon trails and thus is not an appropriate trade.
Two possible options are. 1) give bikes back a full LCC creek trail running all the way from snowbird through the quarry. This would require very minimal work and would be an acceptable trade for the loss of White Pine Lake trail.
2) there needs to be a trail built between upper millcreek trails and the top of the pipeline trail to support the massive amount of mountain bike traffic using roads on that section of the canyon. This would be an acceptable trade to giving up Grandeur peak..
This plan and the associated maps are crafted with poor consideration for outdoor recreation. Mountain bikers stand to lose substantial existing access for a gain of a few acres of BST routing. Please consider involving other user groups in your planning exercises in addition to – or instead of – Save Our Canyons. Their opinions and approach do not represent a majority of key stakeholders in the Wasatch.